Canine paracoccidioidomycosis-Brazil

1: Med Mycol. 2004 Aug;42(4):379-83.

Canine paracoccidioidomycosis.

Ricci G, Mota FT, Wakamatsu A, Serafim RC, Borra RC, Franco M.

Department of Pathology, Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP-EPM), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a severe disease caused by the dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, which is characterized by granulomatous pulmonary and systemic lesions, affecting mainly men between 20 and 60 years of age. Reports of PCM disease in animals are rare, but the disease has been described in armadillos. On the other hand, PCM infection of domestic and wild animals detected by serological or cutaneous tests in the absence of apparent disease has been frequently reported. We present here the case of a female adult Doberman that developed cervical lymphadenomegaly. Histopathological examination of a cervical biopsy specimen revealed active PCM, with an epithelioid, granulomatous inflammation containing numerous yeast-like, multiple budding fungal forms. The diagnosis of PCM was confirmed by immunohistochemistry using a specific antibody anti-gp43 and by nested PCR using primers for the amplification of the gp43 gene region. This is the first report of PCM disease occurring in a dog, an animal that has been shown to play an important role in the natural history of North American blastomycosis.